What can cause bloody stools and vomiting?

When a person develops bloody stools and vomits at the same time, it usually indicates that they have an injury or disease of the gastrointestinal tract. A small amount of blood in the stool along with mild vomiting may go away on its own, but it can also be an indication of a serious disorder. Excessively bloody stools or vomit that do not go away quickly may indicate a life-threatening condition. Some conditions that can cause the presence of these two symptoms are injuries to the gastrointestinal tract, infections, ulcers and cancer.

In its mildest form, bloody stools and vomiting can indicate a tear in the esophagus. This condition can be caused by forceful vomiting, and the blood in the stool will usually look dark brown and have the consistency of coffee grounds. If vomiting persists, if there is a large amount of blood in the stool, or if there is pain, a patient with both of these symptoms should see a medical professional immediately.

Some potentially serious conditions can also cause these symptoms. Infections caused by microorganisms, such as E. coli or amoebae, can cause both symptoms. In most cases, an intestinal tract infection will be accompanied by fever and diarrhea, and the individual should be seen by a medical professional because antibacterial medications may be needed to help clear the infection.

An injury or wound to the digestive tract can also lead to bloody stools and vomiting in a patient. An injury to any part of the digestive tract, from the mouth to the intestines, can cause blood to appear in the stool. The presence of blood can irritate the digestive tract, which can lead to vomiting. Ulcers can also bleed into the digestive tract and can also be responsible for these symptoms.

Cancer and other diseases of the esophagus, stomach, or intestines can also cause vomiting and blood in the stool. Diseases can present as a chronic condition that comes and goes or as an acute condition that comes on suddenly. Depending on the part of the intestinal tract that is bleeding, the blood in the stool may appear red, brown, or black. Bright red blood indicates a problem with the lower part of the tract, while dark blood that takes on the texture of coffee grounds usually indicates a problem with the stomach, esophagus, or mouth.

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