What are upper dentures?

Upper dentures are artificial teeth and gums, plus surrounding oral tissue, that replace some or all of the top layer of natural teeth. Common types of maxillary dental plaques include complete, partial, immediate, overdentures, and implant dentures. Dental implants in the upper jaw are also sometimes placed in the category of upper dentures.

Complete upper dentures replace all of the upper teeth after they have been extracted. Total upper plates usually consist of a pink acrylic base and porcelain or acrylic artificial teeth. The prosthetic unit presses directly on the upper gum and is supported by the underlying bone. Total upper plates are generally not adjusted for use until the gums have healed from the extraction procedures. This type of denture can be removed at any time.

Partial upper dentures usually replace only some of the upper teeth. Artificial teeth are anchored with a clip, usually metal, that is attached to the existing natural teeth. The upper partial plates are often called bridges. They can be permanent or temporary.

Immediate maxillary dentures are dental plates that are placed directly after the maxillary teeth are extracted. Such dentures usually have a relatively soft temporary liner that stays in place until the gums have healed. After the healing process, a firm liner replaces the soft liner, turning immediate dentures into full upper dentures.

Dentures work as the upper plates are held in place by one or more natural teeth. Otherwise, they are much like full dentures, except they are more stable due to the support of existing teeth. Complete plates are held in place by suction, which must sometimes be supplemented by some type of dental adhesive. Dentures generally cost more than complete dentures.

Implant-supported upper dentures can be partial or complete. These types of dentures are very much like dentures. The difference is that they are compatible with artificial teeth instead of natural ones. Individual artificial teeth are anchored directly into the upper jaw bone, usually with artificial metal roots, then the gums are allowed to heal and the teeth to become stronger.

When healing is complete, dentures with implants usually form in the mouth much like natural teeth and allow for more regular chewing and speaking than other dental veneers. Such dentures generally require three or more teeth as anchors. Although maxillary dental implants are generally considered by dental professionals to be better in many ways than other types of maxillary dentures, this type is often very expensive.

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