What are the side effects of ketosis?

Ketosis is a state in which the body has to use up protein and fat stores because it doesn't have enough carbohydrates, often as a result of a high-protein, low-carb diet. Although ketosis by itself is not necessarily dangerous, prolonged ketosis can lead to a state called ketoacidosis in which the blood becomes too acidic. Side effects of mild ketosis include bad breath and gas; The most important include weakness, nausea and dizziness. If ketosis occurs for a long time and leads to ketoacidosis, side effects can include liver and kidney damage, and in extreme cases, death.

In the early stages, the side effects of ketosis can be quite minor. For example, acetone is created inside the mouth during ketosis. As a result, many people experience bad breath. Brushing your teeth, mouth, and tongue frequently can reduce the effect of acetone. Additionally, drinking more water and eating vegetables can also reduce the effect of ketosis.

Some people complain of other side effects of ketosis: sudden dizziness, weakness, fatigue, and lethargy are quite common. Also, most people complain of headaches, especially since their body consumes significantly fewer calories when dieting. Although these side effects are not life-threatening, they can cause people to make simple mistakes that they would not normally make.

Occasionally ketosis side effects are also accompanied by nausea and diarrhea. At some point, people in ketosis will experience mood swings, such as irritability and depression. If a diet is extremely high in protein and low in carbohydrates, a person may also experience gas or constipation.

Most people follow a low-carb diet for short periods of time. If followed for longer, more serious ketosis side effects can occur as the body goes into ketoacidosis, such as kidney damage and liver damage. For example, excess protein can cause nitrogen to be released into a person's bloodstream. When this happens, the kidneys must work very hard to eliminate it through the urinary system and when fat is consumed, the fatty acid by-product must be eliminated by the overloaded kidneys. Extreme and prolonged cases of ketosis can be fatal.

In general, most health care providers will not recommend a low-carb diet for longer than 14 days. Also, the side effects of ketosis are unhealthy for pregnant women, so they are usually told to avoid such diets. With any diet plan, it is always best to consult a medical provider. People with certain health problems, such as high blood pressure and heart disease, may also be cautioned against high-protein diets. If concerns arise while a person is going through ketosis, it is best to seek medical advice.

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