What are the most common symptoms of a strangulated hernia?

A strangulated hernia is characterized by severe pain and tenderness at the hernia site. People with this condition may also experience difficulty passing stool or may be completely unable to have one while the hernia is present. Other symptoms of a strangulated hernia can include fever, nausea, and vomiting.

When a person has a hernia, an internal organ has begun to protrude beyond the wall that normally separates it from other parts of the body. Often such a bulge occurs in the groin area as part of a person's intestine trying to push past the abdominal wall. The symptoms of a strangulated hernia, in particular, are caused by the hernia constricting blood flow in the intestines, sometimes completely blocking the blood supply to this region. When this occurs, a patient will feel severe pain and the area of ​​the hernia location will be very tender to the touch.

Also known as an irreducible hernia, another sign of a strangulated hernia can be gangrene. This is due to a lack of blood supply to the area of ​​the strangulated hernia, resulting in tissue that begins to die if the condition is not treated immediately. People with this specific type of hernia are also likely to have a visible bulge in the groin area. Treating this type of hernia as quickly as possible is crucial, as irreversible tissue damage and infection associated with damaged tissue can also occur.

A strangulated hernia occurs more often in men. While this is rare in women, a femoral hernia, which is a hernia that occurs in the femoral canal, can develop into a strangulated hernia in a woman if not treated properly before progressing. One of the most common signs of this type of hernia is a bulge in the upper thigh.

Often a strangulated hernia will begin as an inguinal hernia. While doing heavy lifting, this type of hernia can be felt in the groin area but sometimes goes undetected as it can exist while completely painless. When a lump is found, an inguinal hernia can be pushed back into place. When possible, this type is considered a reducible hernia. However, when it cannot be put back in place, it is known as an irreducible hernia and painful symptoms are usually felt.

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