What are the most common side effects of hypertension?

Some of the more common side effects of hypertension include headaches, difficulty with coordination and balance, and dizziness. Vision problems can sometimes manifest as side effects of high blood pressure. In severe hypertension, tremors or tremors may also occur.

Side effects of hypertension can range from mild to severe. Often people suffering from hypertension may not experience any symptoms in the early stages. However, at the onset of high blood pressure, the first recognizable sign may be recurring headaches. This can often be mistaken for stress, although quite often people experiencing stress can develop hypertension.

Some people who have high blood pressure may notice secondary effects of hypertension that affect their vision. Blurred vision or eye fatigue may appear. This can be confused with visual fatigue in the first cases of hypertension. A trained optometrist or ophthalmologist will usually request a medical history of hypertension when examining the eyes, if any changes are noted.

If high blood pressure progresses to a dangerous level, the side effects of hypertension will become apparent on the way to serious complications. If left untreated, high blood pressure can lead to heart problems. Coronary artery disease is a risk factor and one of the most serious side effects of hypertension. In some cases, the heart can become enlarged. Ultimately, this can lead to complete heart failure.

Hypertension and kidney failure is a concern for many patients living with high blood pressure. The kidneys can be irreversibly damaged if hypertension is not diagnosed and treated properly in time. The blood vessels within the kidney can be damaged to the point of not being able to filter waste from the body. Failing kidneys can be deadly as a result of high blood pressure.

Another serious consequence of untreated hypertension can be a stroke. When the blood vessels within the brain are damaged by ongoing high blood pressure, the blood supply to the brain can be compromised. The arterial wall of the brain can stiffen from long-term hypertension, and a stroke can occur. The secondary effects of hypertension, such as blood clotting within the arteries of the brain, is a factor that leads to stroke.

Signs of a stroke may include numbness or confusion. The numbness can occur in the facial muscles or extremities, or on one side of the body. The patient may appear confused or lose consciousness.

Side effects of hypertension can be prevented if high blood pressure is diagnosed and treated before it has progressed. The best prevention is to have your blood pressure checked regularly. The prognosis of hypertension will generally depend on the duration of the condition.

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