What are the effects of typhoid fever?

As a multisystem disease, the effects of typhoid fever can include kidney failure and internal bleeding, as well as inflammation and perforation of the intestines. Commonly characterized by diarrhea and an unusually high fever, typhoid disease can also cause mood swings, extreme fatigue, and can even lead to hallucinations. Symptoms of bacterial infections like this can be treated if caught early enough, but the effects of typhoid tend to recur if not treated properly after an initial diagnosis.

Also known as enteric fever, the dangerous effects of typhoid fever are caused by Salmonella bacteria present in the intestines and blood of an infected person. Highly contagious, it is transmitted to other infected people, as well as to carriers who shed the bacteria through fecal matter. People all over the world are susceptible if proper hygiene habits are not routinely practiced. In particular, typhoid fever is spread through food and water, so it enters a person's bloodstream through the intestinal tract. Once a person is infected, typhoid fever can easily spread throughout the body, affecting the spleen, lymph nodes, liver, and gallbladder.

In addition to high fever and fatigue, the effects of typhoid fever also include skin rash, headache, and abdominal pain. Some people also experience extreme brain fog, nosebleeds, and uncomfortable mood swings. People with typhoid fever also often have bloody stools.

Treatment of the effects of typhoid fever usually includes antibiotics, rest, and fluid replacement. Within a few weeks, the symptoms clear up, but they can go away and come back later if treatment regimens are not strictly followed. Other complications of improper treatment can also include gastrointestinal bleeding, swollen kidneys, or complete kidney failure. It is also possible that a person could continue to carry typhoid fever in their feces and continue to pass it on to others for several years without knowing that the infection still exists.

As a highly contagious infection, the effects of typhoid fever can be avoided through vaccination, as well as frequent hand washing and avoiding contaminated water and food sources. As high fever, stomach pain, loss of appetite, and diarrhea are early signs of the disease, experts recommend seeking medical treatment immediately after experiencing them to prevent further complications or the spread of infection. With antibiotics, symptoms begin to subside within a few days. Without proper treatment, however, the effects of typhoid fever can last for several months. Complications arising from the lack of quality treatment can also cause death.

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