What are the effects of abortion?

The effects of abortion can be physical or emotional and will vary with each woman who has undergone this procedure. It can be difficult to know in advance who is most or least at risk of such effects, and the fact that abortion is legal in most places certainly reduces the risk of physical complications. That said, there can be complications to this procedure that are physical and emotional in nature, and it is wise to understand the possible risk factors.

Right after an abortion, women may feel some pain and cramping. This, and possibly the bleeding from the procedure, which is usually no heavier than menstrual bleeding, can last for several weeks. Some women also experience stomach upset which can take the form of vomiting or simply nausea. These tend to be normal post-abortion effects, but if women are concerned they should contact their doctor or the clinic where the procedure was performed.

Complications sometimes arise after an abortion, although the risk of this is low. Women should watch for signs or heavy bleeding, fever, severe pelvic pain, or severe stomach pain in the first few weeks. These signs may suggest a dangerous infection or bleeding and need immediate medical attention. In extremely rare cases, death occurs during or after an abortion, but the risk of this is on a par with the risk of death during childbirth.

There are also emotional effects of abortion, which exist and need to be considered and looked for. Of these, the most significant is the development of postpartum depression. Postpartum depression is a risk every time a pregnancy ends, at any stage and no matter how. The body may respond by becoming deeply depressed as pregnancy hormones rapidly drop.

What this would suggest for most women seeking an abortion is that they have a strong support system; This could be the help of friends, group support, working with a counselor, or a support family. Isolation after an abortion tends to increase the risk of serious depression, and the circumstances under which a woman has an abortion may also make depression more or less likely. Those who feel conflicted about the decision or must keep it secret may suffer more.

There are other emotional effects of abortion. Some people feel guilt, while others feel relief. Without full-blown postpartum depression, some women may still feel tearful, moody, or simply endure a difficult emotional journey during the first weeks or several months after the abortion. Again, not all women have this experience, but some do.

Understanding the effects of abortion allows women to make informed decisions. There are strong arguments for and against this procedure, and people on both sides of this issue can often present one or two of the effects as a reason for or against having an abortion. The most important thing is that the effects are neither magnified nor minimized. It is important for anyone faced with this decision to understand the free effects of a political position.

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