What are the different types of bronchial disease?

There are numerous conditions that affect the lungs and bronchi. Some of the most common types of bronchial disease include bronchitis, bronchial pneumonia, and asthma. Respiratory conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can cause a strain on the upper airways, and is usually seen in conjunction with other bronchial disorders such as emphysema.

Bronchitis, whether acute or chronic, is caused by inflammation in the bronchial tubes. In the case of acute bronchitis, this could be a secondary infection after the common cold. Symptoms are low-grade fever, cough, and uncomfortable tightness or burning in the upper chest. It is usually treated with antibiotics. Chronic bronchitis can be caused by cigarette smoking or allergies.

Bronchial pneumonia is caused by a viral or bacterial infection. It usually affects the bronchi and one or both lungs. The bronchial patches are likely to become infected and inflamed, causing a deep cough, fever and chills. Shortness of breath and chest pain may also be present. Patients experiencing severe symptoms of upper respiratory infections, such as the flu, as well as those with compromised immunity, may be vulnerable to bronchial pneumonia.

COPD is typically seen in patients who have been smokers for several years. It can cause symptoms such as chronic cough, shortness of breath, and chest tightness that can get progressively worse over the years. Factory workers who are exposed to certain chemicals or pollutants in the air may also be at risk for COPD. The airways surrounding the bronchi can become blocked and inflamed, causing chronic symptoms.

Asthma is a chronic condition and a type of bronchial disease that affects the lungs and upper airways. This condition can cause seizures that result in shortness of breath and wheezing. Cough may also be present. Bronchodilators are usually prescribed to allow unrestricted air to flow freely.

Asthma patients can develop what is known as bronchial hyperactivity. This is a type of bronchial disease that causes certain muscles to contract more rapidly when exposed to conditions that cause an involuntary response. When the respiratory tract becomes inflamed and irritated, this can also lead to temporary bronchial spasms.

Some babies are born with a bronchial disease known as congenital bronchiectasis. This causes a deformity of the upper airways that leads to deterioration and unusual widening. This disease can also develop in childhood or adulthood, in which case it will be known as acquired bronchiectasis. In severe cases, bronchiectasis can cause discoloration of skin tone and coughing up blood. Drainage of excess respiratory secretions is an essential step in the treatment of this bronchial disease.

Tracheobronchomalacia is another type of bronchial disease that can cause a complete collapse of the trachea and other bronchial problems. This usually occurs due to malformed or insufficient cartilage that has become brittle. With this rare disease, the trachea can become extremely flexible, causing difficulty breathing. This condition may be related to COPD in some patients.

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