What are the different types of air force reserve jobs?

The Air Force Reserve performs approximately 20 percent of the overall work of the United States Air Force (USAF). Reservists include officers, enlisted personnel, and civilians. Members of all branches of the military can join, even if they haven't served in the Air Force, as well as those with no military experience. There is a wide range of jobs and areas of interest. Air Force Reserve jobs can be full-time or part-time, and include aviation, personnel recovery, and intelligence.

Most traditional Air Force Reserve jobs are part-time. In this category, reservists typically serve in the area they live in for one weekend per month. In addition, they will generally have temporary service two weeks a year, although they may not be served in the area where they live.

Another option is full-time employment: Two types of Air Force Reserve jobs fall under this heading: Air Reserve Technicians (ARTs) and Active Guard Reserves (AGRs). ARTs work as civil service employees during the week and hold the same jobs as reservists on the weekends they serve. These full-time positions help maintain consistency and continuity in the reserve. ARTs make up 15 percent of the force, providing day-to-day leadership, administrative and logistical support. The AGR is a smaller group consisting of individuals with previous military experience who are ordered to participate full time.

Individual Mobilization Augments (IMA) are a select group used to supplement active duty units. Most have received special training, possess unique skills, and generally have prior active duty experience. IMAs serve individually and operate according to personalized schedules at assigned locations around the world.

Many Air Force Reserve jobs involve or focus on aviation. The Reserve currently uses 13 different types of aircraft created to meet a wide range of mission and operational requirements. Two main areas of aviation are air transport and specialized missions.

Airlift refers to the movement of people and equipment around the world. There are two types of airlift: strategic and tactical. Air Force Reserve jobs within strategic airlift involve transporting equipment and troops from a neutral area to an area of operation. Tactical airlift jobs require equipment and troops to be transported from one area to another within the theater. To perform these missions, teams of pilots, maintenance teams, technicians, and ground operations units are needed.

Specialized missions unique to the Reserve and not practiced within the Air Force are weather reconnaissance and aerial firefighting. Air Force Reserve jobs within these areas also include pilots, scientists, technicians, and maintenance personnel. Crews that conduct weather reconnaissance are known as hurricane hunters. Hurricane hunters fly directly into storms to record and transmit data that helps plot paths, project direction, measure intensity and estimate landfall time. Aerial firefighting teams fight fires that local civilian and volunteer firefighters cannot contain;

A highly specialized area within the Reserve is personnel recovery. Pararescue, or Parajumpers (PJ), is an elite unit that performs conventional and unconventional rescues. Typically, this Air Force Reserve job involves rescuing downed aircrews behind enemy lines. In addition, the PCs work in natural disasters and rescues at sea, in the mountains, and in the deserts. Pararescue has strict requirements that include long and intense training that can take up to two years.

Intelligence support focuses on preventing attacks and surprises. Responsibilities for Air Force Reserve jobs within this scope include planning or conducting aerospace operations, mapping, charting, development of objectives and requirements, guidance, and supervision. Intelligence personnel collect and analyze data and information, taking into account industrial, technological, geographic, and sociological factors. This information is used to support special planning, operations and missions, and is provided to other services and agencies.

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