What are normal cholesterol levels?

The most important factor in determining your risk for heart and cardiovascular disease is cholesterol. The liver synthesizes cholesterol into a product that can be found in most cells of the body. Plaque deposits of this fatty substance can be found on the walls of the arteries and develop into "hardening of the arteries" or arteriosclerosis.

To find out if you have normal cholesterol levels, you should have a blood test or blood panel. Elevated cholesterol levels are also recognized in genetic diseases, liver and kidney disease, and hypothyroidism. High-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) are the three main types of cholesterol that need to be monitored. Total cholesterol and cholesterol/HDL ratio are also checked to make sure it is within normal cholesterol levels.

HDL, or good cholesterol, should be between 29 and 72, with an optimal range of 45 to 85. This form of cholesterol protects against heart disease and actually removes excess deposits from the arteries. Once collected, it transports it back to the liver to be excreted. Therefore, it is good to have high normal levels of HDL.

Normal LDL, or bad cholesterol, ranges from 60 to 130. However, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute would ideally like to see LDL counts below 100 and lower in those who are at higher risk for the disease. cardiac. VLDL should also be kept as low as possible within normal cholesterol levels. The VLDL cholesterol range should be between 0 and 40, with an optimum of 0 to 30. Depending on your risk, your doctor will give you the guidelines, which are the most appropriate for your body.

By adding your HDL, LDL, and VLDL cholesterol, you'll get your total cholesterol count. Total cholesterol should always be below 200. For people with high cholesterol, and therefore at increased risk of heart disease, the optimal goal is 160. Higher cholesterol plaque buildup corresponds to lower blood cholesterol levels. tall.

Plaque buildup in the arteries that feed the heart can lead to a heart attack, while the arteries that feed the brain can lead to a stroke. However, it is important to stay within normal cholesterol levels because anxiety, depression, respiratory illnesses, and strokes have been associated with low cholesterol levels below 160.

It is important to check the cholesterol / HDL ratio because it measures the ratio between your dangerous and protective cholesterols. This ratio represents your overall risk of heart disease. Optimally, this ratio should be below 3.4.

Diet plays a critical role in maintaining normal cholesterol levels. While only 25% of your cholesterol is absorbed from your diet and 75% is produced by your body, diet still plays a critical role in maintaining good blood chemistry and a healthy heart. Saturated fats and transfatty acids are the main contributors to high total cholesterol and high LDL cholesterol. Polyunsaturated fats help lower total cholesterol, while monounsaturated fats not only lower total cholesterol but also raise HDL cholesterol.

Go up