What are lupus lesions?

People affected by lupus, an autoimmune disorder, often have skin lesions. There are three main types of lupus lesions: acute skin lesions, subacute skin lesions, and chronic discoid lupus. Acute skin lesions are also known as butterfly rash and usually result in a mild red rash on the face. Subacute skin lesions can produce raised, red bumps that grow in size and scale over time, or they can produce a flat skin irritation that grows outward but does not produce a scar. Chronic discoid lesions produce a pink or red bump that is only minimally raised above the surface of the skin, becomes crusty, and eventually scars.

The butterfly rash usually comes on quickly and usually does not produce a scar as it heals. It is considered a mild type of injury. Some people even mistake it for unrelated problems like rosacea. However, some people are more severely affected and develop blisters or other pimple-like rashes on their skin. Although this type of lesion is usually found on the face, it can also appear elsewhere.

The subacute skin lesions of lupus are among the most common lesions. A person affected by these lesions may have a rash with red, blister-like rashes on the face, arms, and chest. As the eruption continues, the eruptions increase in size and begin to enlarge. At this point, the rash looks more like psoriasis. Sunlight increases the itchiness of the rash and can make the skin look worse.

There is also a second form of subacute skin lesions of lupus. It usually starts as a flat lesion, but it usually grows over time. In some cases, half of the lesion may look as if it has healed. The result is that the person has areas of skin covered in red circles with unaffected, ring-like centers. This form of the disease also itches and gets worse if exposed to the sun.

Chronic discoid lupus lesions are much less common. In general, these lesions are slightly elevated and are pinkish-red in color. They usually form a scaly crust and cause scarring. The scar is what makes them significantly different from other forms.

While lupus lesions cannot be prevented, there are steps you can take to reduce the severity of outbreaks. For example, exposure to the sun should be kept to a minimum. In addition, a high quality sunscreen with a high sun protection factor should be used, particularly on the face and hands. Also, a wide-brimmed hat and a long-sleeved shirt can be worn to protect the face and arms from the direct rays of the sun. In addition, treatment of lupus lesions is usually possible with antimalarial drugs, retinoids, and corticosteroids.

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