Fine motor skills are physical skills that involve the ability to make small, closely controlled muscle movements. A classic example is the steps involved in lacing shoes. While most adults can tie a pair of shoes without thinking about it, this task can be quite difficult for children who have not refined their motor skills, along with people with certain developmental disabilities and those recovering from accidents, cerebrovascular and brain injuries. . Humans engage in many tasks every day that require such skills, making their development critical.
One area of particular interest to people interested in these physical skills is the hands. People who have good fine motor skills in their hands can be said to have manual dexterity, referring to the fact that they can use their hands for a wide variety of precision tasks. These skills are also involved in other parts of the body and are needed for tasks ranging from walking to talking.
Over the course of natural human development, many people begin to learn these skills naturally. In fact, some infantile reflexes, such as the grasp reflex, promote their development. School-going children often engage in exercises designed to improve their fine motor skills during the early years of their education, and these skills are developed as students learn to write, draw, and engage in a variety of activities. . tying shoes, using keyboards, etc.
Various exercises can be used to help children develop their fine motor skills. Simply encouraging them to use their bodies and participate in activities such as playing instruments, drawing and working with clay, which require manual dexterity, can be very beneficial. Motor skill development can also be encouraged in the classroom and in after-school programs, and some schools provide students with exercises to do at home to help them.
Children with disabilities can benefit from the focused attention of a physical therapist. With special training, many children with disabilities can achieve a high level of independence that will greatly improve their quality of life and future prospects. Adults who have suffered brain injuries are also often instructed to attend physical therapy sessions to develop their motor skills so they can regain their independence.