The most common causes of long-term brain damage include physical trauma, stroke, tumors, and infections. Long-term brain damage is also found in babies who were injured while in the womb or during labor. Babies born with genetic abnormalities or spinal cord injuries can also experience long-term brain damage.
Physical trauma is one of the most common causes of long-term brain damage that is acquired later in life. Any kind of hard blow to the head can cause permanent brain damage. Repetitive trauma is also a common cause of brain damage. This type of injury is often seen in professional athletes who participate in contact sports such as boxing or football. Indirect trauma, such as whiplash, can also cause severe damage to the brain, damaging nerves and cells.
A person who has a stroke is likely to have some type of brain damage, ranging from mild to severe. A stroke is usually caused by a blood clot that temporarily stops or restricts blood flow to the brain. Without blood, the brain is deprived of oxygen and cells begin to die. Another type of stroke, called a hemorrhagic stroke, occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures. This type of stroke is usually caused by an aneurysm, a thin portion of an artery that can swell and rupture.
Patients who develop brain tumors or infections in the brain or spinal cord are at risk for long-term brain damage. The brain can swell from infection or press on the skull from a tumor. This can lead to bleeding or bruising, which can permanently damage parts of the brain.
Long-term brain damage can result from injury or damage to a specific part of the brain, or it can occur in multiple areas, such as a stroke or tumor. The affected brain areas play an important role in determining the outcome of the individual’s condition. For example, if the areas of the brain that control speech and communication are severely damaged, a person may not be able to speak for the rest of their life. Assessing long-term brain damage is a complicated process that involves many tests and considerations, so people who have suffered brain damage and their loved ones should talk extensively with a doctor and specialists to determine the prognosis and what kind of treatment may be needed. required.
Suffering any type of head trauma can lead to long-term brain damage, even if the signs are not present right away. Anyone who has sustained a head injury, suspects a stroke, or has unexplained persistent headaches or vision problems should seek medical attention to assess the condition. Long-term brain damage can sometimes be prevented with early intervention and proper medical care.