What are chronic hemorrhoids?

Some people have hemorrhoids, which are swollen, inflamed veins in the anus or rectum that cause symptoms for only a short time and then don't come back. Others, however, have hemorrhoids that cause symptoms for a long period of time or recur. Chronic hemorrhoids can affect a person internally, developing inside the rectum and sometimes protruding from it. Chronic external hemorrhoids, on the other hand, develop around the edge of a person's anus.

In most cases, hemorrhoids are a problem that occurs only occasionally. In such cases, a person could have an episode of hemorrhoids and then not have them again for years. In fact, some people who treat hemorrhoids once may never get them again. However, with chronic hemorrhoids, symptoms can last for more than two weeks or flare up repeatedly.

When a person has chronic external hemorrhoids, they have swollen, swollen veins that appear under the skin around the edge of their anus. In many cases, external hemorrhoids are itchy, and some people notice a burning sensation during flare-ups. In fact, some people complain of pain rather than just discomfort when they have hemorrhoids. Chronic external hemorrhoids can also cause bleeding, and some people notice mucus draining into the area.

Chronic internal hemorrhoids are inflamed, bulging veins within the lower portion of a person's rectum. Although they can protrude from a person's anus, they do not always appear on the outside. As such, some people don't even know they have them. When symptoms do occur, they often include bleeding, pain, and itching. Any bleeding that does occur may be evident in a person's stool or show up on toilet paper when wiping after a bowel movement. However, when the veins do not protrude from the anus, they usually do not cause pain.

There are many factors that can contribute to the development of chronic hemorrhoids. They include long-term constipation and diarrhea, straining to move the bowels, and too little fiber in the diet. Sitting on the toilet for long periods of time and pregnancy can also contribute to the problem. Sometimes women develop hemorrhoids as a result of pushing during childbirth, but these cases are often only temporary.

People often use over-the-counter and home remedies, such as hemorrhoid creams and sitz baths, to treat cases of hemorrhoids. Unfortunately, however, these treatments may not work as well in chronic cases. Medical treatments for chronic hemorrhoids often include those aimed at cutting off the vein's blood supply. The use of agents that cause the affected veins to collapse and the application of heat to shrink the affected tissue often also work.

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