What are adnexal tumors?

Adnexal tumors are masses of tissue that grow in some reproductive areas of a woman's pelvic region, such as the ovaries and fallopian tubes. These tumors can be benign adnexal masses or malignant growths. Many benign adnexal tumors develop without any symptoms and go away on their own. Adnexal tumors are often more likely to be benign than cancerous in cases where female patients have reached reproductive age.

Benign adnexal tumors can be surgically removed if they cause symptoms. Some common symptoms of adnexal tumors include stomach pain, indigestion, and nausea. Shortness of breath, unusual fatigue, and changes in urination or bowel functions can occur with an adnexal growth. In some cases, people have experienced leg or back pain, excessive vaginal bleeding, and unexplained weight changes with adnexal tumors.

Ovarian cancer tumors are adnexal tumors that begin in a woman's ovaries. The ovaries are organs of the female reproductive system that create eggs. Many cases of ovarian cancer have symptoms that are vague and not clearly related to the presence of cancer, such as swelling, abdominal swelling, or pain in the abdomen. Women with vague or questionable symptoms may benefit from medical evaluation. In cases that are not diagnosed early, the cancer can spread from the ovaries to other parts of the body.

Women with a family history of ovarian or breast cancer and patients with a personal history of breast cancer are generally at increased risk of developing ovarian cancer. People with ovarian cancer generally have a higher risk of dying from the disease if they are older than 55 years. Estrogen replacement therapy that is given without progesterone may increase a woman's risk of ovarian cancer if she receives this therapy for five years or more.

Many doctors use the results of a pelvic exam, blood tests, and medical imaging tests of the abdomen, such as an MRI, CT scan, or ultrasound exam, to help diagnose ovarian cancer. . Doctors often treat ovarian cancer by surgically removing the disease. Surgery may include removal of one or more parts of the female reproductive system, such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. In some cases, patients may receive chemotherapy after cancer surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells.

Fallopian tube cancer is a type of malignant adnexal tumor that strikes the fallopian tubes that connect each ovary to the uterus. These tubes are used to transport eggs from a woman's ovaries to her uterus. Unusual bleeding or discharge from the vagina and abdominal pressure may occur in patients with fallopian tube cancer. Doctors usually diagnose this type of cancer after several medical tests that often include a pelvic exam, tissue biopsy, and imaging tests. Surgery and chemotherapy are commonly used treatment methods for fallopian tube cancer.

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