Testing your blood sugar levels can be done in different ways. Anyone can get tested quickly in a doctor’s office, but people with diabetes or other conditions that can affect their blood sugar may need to know what it is on a daily basis. Checking your blood sugar levels at home can usually be done with a urinalysis or blood test. Of the two types of tests, a blood test is generally considered to be the more accurate. Instructions for urine and blood tests may vary depending on the test manufacturer, but most work in a similar way.

To check your blood sugar levels using a urine test, you will need some urine test strips just to check your blood sugar levels. Your doctor can give you these or buy them from many pharmacies. The process of checking blood sugar with a urine test involves urinating into a cup and dipping the urine test strip into the urine sample. The strip changes color to show where your blood sugar is. These tests often come with a color-coded benchmark chart so you can compare your test results to the chart to find out what your levels are.

Checking your blood sugar level with a blood test tends to be a little more complicated than using a urine test. You can do this at home using a special device called a glucose meter that will give you a digital readout of your blood sugar levels. First, you will need to prick your fingertip with a lancet, which usually comes with the glucometer. After taking some blood, you will need to press the blood glucose meter strip into your blood. When you have an accurate reading of your blood sugar levels, it will appear on your screen.

Normal blood sugar readings are typically between 70 to 100 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter) for people without diabetes. People with diabetes can have blood sugar levels of 90 to 130 mg/dL. Levels will almost always be higher than normal shortly after ingestion, but should return to the normal range after a few hours. If you use a urinalysis kit, please note that the results displayed do not reflect your current blood sugar levels, but reflect the levels as they were a few hours before the test. Only a blood test can tell what your levels are at the exact time the test is done.