What are lupus lesions?

People affected by lupus, an autoimmune disorder, often have skin lesions. There are three main types of lupus lesions: acute skin lesions, subacute skin lesions, and chronic discoid lupus. Acute skin lesions are also known as butterfly rash and usually result in a mild red rash on the face. Subacute skin lesions can produce raised, […]

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What are male urinary tract infections?

Urinary tract infections in men are less common than similar infections in women, but that doesn’t mean they’re something to ignore. The term male urinary tract infection refers to infections such as cystitis (an infection of the bladder), urethritis (an infection of the urethra), and kidney infections. Most often, male urinary tract infections are found […]

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What are Kelly tweezers?

Kelly forceps, also called mosquito forceps, is a device used to grasp small objects. They are commonly used in the medical field both for grasping objects that are too large for the fingers to grasp and for holding a single object so that the hands are free to do other things. A common example of […]

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What are microneedles?

Microneedles are extremely small needles used to draw blood or administer medication without penetrating the skin and underlying tissues as deeply as traditional hypodermic needles or syringes. When used for medical purposes, rows of several hundred microneedles are placed in tiny patches that are applied to the skin. Microneedles make microscopic holes in the outermost […]

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What are Mosquito Clips?

Mosquito forceps are one of many types of hemostatic forceps. They are also commonly known as “mosquito forceps”. The name of this category of tweezers is a reference to their size; While not as small as a mosquito, these forceps are among the smallest types of surgical forceps in macroscopic medicine. At first glance, these […]

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What are Mosquito Repellent Clothing?

Mosquito repellent clothing has an insect repellent agent attached directly to the fabric fibers so the wearer is protected from insects and insect-borne diseases without harsh chemicals that can be absorbed through the skin. The repellent called Permethrin is derived from natural insect repellent plants and is often used in these types of clothing. Safe […]

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What are normal triglyceride levels?

Triglycerides are fatty molecules that circulate in the blood. High levels of these fats are often associated with high levels of LDL, or “bad” cholesterol, and low levels of HDL, or “good” cholesterol. Normal triglyceride levels are those below 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), which is also sometimes measured as 1.7 millimoles/liter (mmol/L). Levels higher […]

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What are pelvic adhesions?

A pelvic adhesion is a growth of thick connective tissue that can develop around any organ near the pelvis or in the bony area between the hips. These growths are usually due to some sort of trauma to the bladder, uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. Severe pelvic adhesions can cause pregnancy problems such as infertility […]

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What are P450 inhibitors?

P450 refers to a family of metabolic proteins called cytochrome P450 enzymes; they are responsible for breaking down drugs within the body. P450 inhibitors slow or stop the chemical action of a cytochrome P450 enzyme, usually by binding to the enzyme before it can do its job. Certain medications are known to be P450 inhibitors, […]

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What are pectorals?

In humans, the pectorals, also called the pectorals, are muscles found in the front upper part of a person’s torso. The word pectoralis is generally used to refer to the pectoralis major, which is larger than the other pectoral muscle. The smallest muscle is called the pectoralis minor. The pecs are often the focus of […]

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What are some different types of bone fractures?

There are several different types of bone fractures, all of which require individualized treatment that also takes into account the health of the patient and the affected bone(s). Before diving into the vast world of bone fractures, it might be helpful to know that the terms “fracture” and “break” mean the same thing. Both involve […]

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What are some causes of low back pain?

Lumbago is a term used to describe mild to severe pain in the lower back or lower back. It can appear at any age, and people who do heavy physical work are commonly affected. Elderly people are also very susceptible to this pain. There are signs to watch out for that may indicate the onset […]

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