Pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a well-known fruit and it must be recognized that it deserves its fame for being delicious, refreshing and having some very interesting properties, among which the bromelain propertiesa substance with diuretic action, which helps in the digestion and metabolization of food, detoxifying, antacid and has even shown an anti-carcinogenic effect (doi:10.1002/biof.121. PMID:20848558).
Well it turns out pineapple is not a fruit, but hundreds of small fruits merged. In the pineapple plant, like the rest of the plants of the family bromeliaceae (known as bromeliads), the flowers that will give rise to the fruits grow around a stem forming the so-called flower exhaust. When each flower becomes a fruit and they begin to get fat, they do not leave space between them and end up joining together and giving the appearance of a single fruit.
Other curiosities about pineapple
- The pineapple was not known in Europe until the arrival of Spanish explorers in South America.
- The name pineapple refers to the resemblance to conifer cones (pines), also called pineapples. In English pineapple is known as pineapplecombination of pineapple in spanish with Manzana in English (apple) because the taste reminded the first explorers who tried it of the apple.
- Hawaii is one of the world’s leading pineapple producers. and it is common to think of pineapple as a typical fruit of these islands. However, the pineapple comes from South America and was not cultivated in Hawaii until 1813.
- Intensive pineapple cultivation uses plants that are 3 years old at most because the number of fruits that make up each cone decreases as the plant ages.