Definition of Arithmetic

The relevance of accounts and numbers in our lives
There is a significant portion of people who are pronounced the name of mathematics or invited to do numbers and they certainly get nervous and want to run away, however, and beyond the likes or dislikes that the numbers and the accounts that are made with them can generate us, we cannot ignore the relevance that they hold in our daily lives.
It does not matter that we do not work on an activity related to numbers or that we no longer go to school to study mathematics in particular, numbers and accounts are issues that are intimately linked to everyone's daily life and that is why it is important that we worry about learning them and remove from them, for those who think like this, that negative charge that they have been able to instill in them.
Branch of mathematics that deals exclusively with numbers and the operations that can be carried out with them
And for example, to begin to get involved with numbers and accounts is that we must internalize arithmetic, that branch of mathematical sciences that deals exclusively with numbers and the operations that can be carried out with them.

Arithmetic is that branch within mathematics that deals with the study of numbers and the operations that can be performed with them .
In addition, arithmetic is the oldest and most elementary branch of mathematics since it is used in almost everyone, as we pointed out above, for the most elementary daily tasks, such as counting, but also in those contexts that require the solving quite complex scientific calculations .
The main arithmetic operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
Basically, arithmetic studies certain operations with numbers and their most elementary properties, being seven its basic operations: addition, subtraction, division, multiplication, enhancement, radication and logarithmation, while the joint consideration of all these operations is known as an arithmetic calculation .
The addition or addition is one of the basic operations and it is represented through the century +. It consists of gathering several quantities of the same or different thing, and the resulting quantity will be called the sum. 3 pears + 2 apples tells me that I have a total of 5 fruits.
Meanwhile, the subtraction is represented by the sign - and consists of eliminating the articles of a series or collection, of finding the difference between two quantities. 4 - 3 = 1.
For its part, multiplication is represented by the signs x or * and implies adding a number as many times as another number indicates, thus: 3 x 4 will be equal to 12, if we add the 4 three times it will just give us 12 as the result.
And division is an arithmetic decomposition operation that allows us to find out how many times one quantity is contained in another, example: 20/5 = 5.
Use in prehistory
There are antecedents, such as that of the Ishango bone, a bone tool dating from the Upper Paleolithic and that consisted of a sharp piece of quartz at one of its two ends mostly used for engraving and writing , which show that arithmetic was widely used by those ancient times, in their most basic operations of addition and subtraction. The discovery of the aforementioned inscriptions, which date approximately between 18,000 and 20,000 BC, prove this without a doubt. Later, the contributions of the Babylonians, Pythagoras, Fibonacci and Archimedes would come with a complete treatise, to continue advancing in the matter and reaching the very advanced proposals of today.
On the other hand, the term arithmetic is used to refer to everything related to arithmetic , for example, the person who has special knowledge of it is designated as arithmetic / o.

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