Definition of Arbitration

We understand by arbitration the task or activity of resolving or intervening in pursuit of the resolution of certain types of situations that require the presence of third parties. Normally, arbitration (whatever type it may be) is necessary when the parties involved in such a situation, phenomenon or specific moment have opposing interests and therefore the participation of a third party that acts objectively and according to what the law indicates is recommended. , statutes or regulations of the case.

The term arbitration can be applied to an endless number of spaces and situations, although some of them are the best known and used in common language . There is arbitration in the field of law and this is when it is related to the resolution of conflicts or confrontations of a legal nature in which justice or different legal institutions must participate.. In this case, the arbitrator always has the function of taking the evidence, probative material and other elements to act and officiate in pursuit of the resolution of the case. Clear examples of this can be international arbitration cases (in which two countries or regions appear before an objective court for a dispute to be resolved), arbitration or mediation that can be carried out by two married people seeking a divorce, etc.

Another very common type of refereeing and for which the term is used more frequently is sports refereeing. This is the one exercised by a person trained and specifically prepared to direct and order the practice of a sport in which two parties face each other (for example, soccer, tennis, volleyball, basketball, ping pong, hockey, boxing , etc.). This type of refereeing has clear rules and regulations to follow that can vary from sport to sport. At the same time, the referees can count on specific elements for each activity and accept to a greater or lesser degree the assistance of secondary referees or technology elements .


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