What is Aquaculture?

The word aquaculture is the term that refers to both the study and the intensive farming technique that is carried out on both plant and animal species, in fresh waters or in the sea. It is also possible that it appears called aquaculture .

It should also be noted that the aforementioned activity has become an important economic activity throughout the world since it produces food and raw materials that will later be used in different uses such as: industrial and pharmaceutical. And on the other hand, it is developed to reproduce organisms that will later show a use of ornamentation or will be oriented to repopulate communities that do not have their species or in which they are in danger of disappearance.
The procedure that aquaculture implements can vary from being carried out in the very habitat of the species or carried out in places specially equipped for such purposes and based on super-controlled conditions. Generally, they are carried out on sandy bottoms or in special structures such as: floating cages, tanks, containers, among others, that are supported on the bottom. The sowing, feeding and fattening process takes place right there.

Meanwhile, the environmental conditions will determine the type of aquaculture, extensive or intensive . In the first, the systems used are of low performance, on the other hand, in the second, the intervention on the species is superior since the biology that it presents is taken into account in order to avoid the appearance of diseases and establish all the needs that affect its satisfactory development.
Among the most widely cultivated species are microalgae, macroalgae, crustaceans and mollusks .
If we review the history of this practice we find the surprise that it has been practiced, with some differences to this day, but being practiced at last, for thousands of years ago, in 3,800 BC, the oldest antecedents are found in China , but also Greeks, Babylonians, Egyptians and Romans have deployed it. Meanwhile, in the Middle Ages it returned to take center stage and began to advance as the different scientific advances progressed. In the year 1758 , a great leap was undoubtedly produced with the discovery made by the Austrian researcher Stephen Jacobi about artificial fertilization of trout and salmon eggs .


Go up