Definition of Airline

An airline is an organization or air transport company that is exclusively dedicated to the transport of passengers, cargo, or animals, through the use of an airplane or aircraft .

Air transport company that carries passengers or cargo
Aircraft are vehicles specially designed to move in the air , that is, without coming into contact with the surface or with water. Within this type of vehicle, two types can be distinguished: aerodynamic ones, which have a greater weight than air and then have to be supported by a special mechanism, and on the other hand, aerostats, which have a lower weight than air. , and for example they float with greater simplicity.
At present, aerodynamics predominate, the most emblematic examples being airplanes and helicopters.
Flag airlines: state-run airlines
Meanwhile, with regard to passenger transport, we can find private companies that offer customers transportation services through the fleet of airplanes they have and also with the so-called flag airlines , such is the case of Japan. Airlines, Aerolineas Argentinas, and AeroPerú , to name some of the most recognized, which are airlines that provide the same service as the previous ones but are managed by the governments of the day and have a monopoly on domestic flights .

Putting it in simple terms, the flag carrier is the most important national airline of a country.
It is a concept that began to be used widely in the middle of the last century, when the airline business expanded fantastically, and at that time most airlines operated as state-owned public companies.
To make the association with the country they represent even more effective and forceful, the flag companies designed logos in which, in addition to the name, they were accompanied by the colors of the national flag. We can see this clearly in British Airways, Air France, Aerolineas Argentinas and Iberia de España, for example.
In any case, within what is known as flagged or flag airlines, there are cases in which the participation of the state is not total and then the state only has a small shareholding and the rest is in private hands.
Deficit and deliveries to "private hands"
A question appellant that has been unleashed in countries with flag carriers is that they, as a result of poor management of the state, they have become unprofitable and therefore proceeded to privatization, thus freeing the market, and thus allowing other airlines to operate in the domestic framework as well.
In the area of ​​air cargo transportation, undoubtedly, the Federal Express company, popularly known as FedEx, of American roots and operating internationally since the 1970s, stands out.
Charter and types of airlines
On the other hand, also within this complex universe known as airlines we can find charters , which are also companies that transport their clients or group of clients through airplanes they belong to but with a more specific methodology , that is, According to the needs raised by the clients, the flight, departure and arrival will be organized, something that does not happen with a regular or flag airline that already has pre-established schedules, departures and arrivals, and one must accommodate those schedules.
This situation can also be transferred to airlines that are dedicated to cargo, since there are some that operate with fixed flights while others have the charter mode.
The airlines, depending on the size of the route network they operate and their frequencies, are classified into: regional airlines (they operate medium and low capacity aircraft, generally make domestic flights), network airlines (they operate a large fleet of aircraft , in this group are included the flagship airlines and the traditional ones) and large- scale airlines (they carry out flights of great duration and density).
Air transport was originally thought and developed to transport passengers, however, over time and the integration of containers expanded to be able to transport cargo.
Advances in technology at various levels have made the industry grow in a fantastic way.
Nowadays the plane is the most widespread way of getting around the world, especially when distances are important since it allows us to reach our destination quickly.
However, it is not a means for everyone either, given that due to its high maintenance costs, its tickets are not the cheapest in the world of transport and therefore people with few resources sometimes opt for cheaper options such as buses or trains.


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