Definition of Abstraction

The abstraction is one of the most common mental processes that we hold people when we consider separately the qualities or basic characteristics of an object, or failing that to the object per se.

That is, in either of the two situations, the mind will focus on, on the one hand, noticing the basic qualities of something, and in the other case, it will be the object in its purest essence that will capture all the attention of our mind. .

Almost all the mental actions that our mind performs on a daily basis: conceptualization, understanding , explanation, among others, make use of abstraction.

Many times, we even use abstraction without realizing it, but of course and beyond not consciously appreciating it, we do obtain the benefits that it brings in terms of knowledge.

The research scientific meanwhile is one of the most important activities that make use of this mental operation to pour into reports or conclusions findings to those who arrive after work.

Basically, the aforementioned mental procedure is what philosophy carries out to reflect on things, the world, man. That is, depending on where your focus of attention will rest, on the object, or on its qualities, you will mentally dispense with what does not correspond in order to obtain a complete idea of ​​what corresponds.

The Greek philosopher Aristotle was hundreds of years ago the forerunner of abstraction as a method to obtain from him ideas and concepts about the things that surround us, for example.
But abstraction is not only reduced to the field of thought but it has also transcended this aspect to settle, for example, in the artistic field where it has been able to be the starting point of one of the most important painting trends of the last century . Until now, painting was mostly concerned with representing the reality of things, while with the emergence of abstract art that alternative is maintained but it will materialize in the most diverse way, playing with color, with geometric shapes, especially. Subjectivity covers up the objectivity that dominated the scene in this area.


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