In a short answer: no, mushrooms are not plants, they are fungi. It is common for many people to have this confusion, but nothing is further from reality. mushrooms, like organism belonging to the kingdom Fungi (to which all fungi belong), are genetically closer to animals than to plants. For example, chlorophyll (a substance not found in animals) has never been found in mushrooms, but chitin (a substance not found in plants) has been found.
The Fungi share phylogenetic ancestors with animals but not with plants.. Come on, a mushroom looks more like a human than a lettuce. This phylogenetic relationship has left its marks. For example:
- Both fungi and animals need external resources to obtain the nutrients they need. Plants, on the other hand, can produce their own nutrients through inorganic compounds such as carbon dioxide (C0two), water (HtwoO) and minerals.
- No animal or fungus has been found with chlorophyllexclusive substance of the Plant Kingdom and essential for photosynthesis.
- In both fungi and animals it can be found chitin, a substance that intervenes in the support of the cellular structure. this substance not found in any plant.
- Fungal infections are very difficult to treat in humans and animals in general. One of the most accepted explanations is that the substances that affect the fungi can also potentially affect the cells of the animal due to genetic kinship.
But Not only are mushrooms not plants, they can’t even be said to be fungi. if you want to speak properly. What we normally call mushrooms are the reproductive organs (sporocarps) of a group of fungi which includes a wide variety of species. Some of these species are edible but there are also many poisonous mushrooms with powerful toxins that can kill an adult man at relatively low doses.
Did you know that the truffle is also a fungus? Yes, truffles are mushrooms of the family Tuberaceae and they are highly appreciated in the kitchen for their aroma and flavor.